Question: What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

Each letter stands for an important line of questioning for the patient assessment. The parts of the mnemonic are: Onset , Provocation/palliation, Quality, Region/Radiation, Severity, and Time.

What is OPQRST used to assess?

Novice students might use the well-known OPQRST mnemonic (onset, provocation, quality, radiation, severity, and time) to assess the characteristics of the patients symptom.

What is the difference between onset and time?

Time (history) How long the condition has been going on and how it has changed since onset (better, worse, different symptoms), whether it has ever happened before, whether and how it may have changed since onset, and when the pain stopped if it is no longer currently being felt.

What is the purpose of Opqrst?

OPQRST is a useful mnemonic (memory device) used by EMTs, paramedics, as well as nurses, medical assistants and other allied health professionals, for learning about your patients pain complaint. It is a conversation starter between you, the investigator, and the patient, your research subject.

What does P mean in Opqrst?

Each letter stands for an important line of questioning for the patient assessment. The parts of the mnemonic are: Onset , Provocation/palliation, Quality, Region/Radiation, Severity, and Time.

What questions do you ask for OPQRST?

Quality: Asking, “Is your pain sharp or dull?” limits your patient to two choices, when their pain might not be either. Instead ask, “What words would you use to describe your pain?” or “What does your pain feel like?” Radiates: This is another chance to use real, conversational words during the assessment.

How do you do OPQRST?

How to use OPQRST as an effective patient assessment toolOnset: “Did your pain start suddenly or gradually get worse and worse?” This is also a chance to ask, “What were you doing when the pain started?”Provokes or Palliates: Instead of asking, “What provokes your pain?” use real, casual words.More items...•Jan 20, 2020

What is onset of action of a drug?

the point at which the activity of a drug is apparent, generally measured in terms of the time elapsed between administration and the appearance of its pharmacological effects.

When do you use Opqrst?

OPQRST is a mnemonic used to evaluate a patients symptoms. Remember to ask the patient exactly where the complaint is prior to evaluating the symptom! For example, if a patient complains of chest pain, you should ask them to point to exactly where they are having their pain.

What is the goal of reassessment?

The purpose of the reassessment is to ensure that all properties are assessed fairly at a uniform level of assessment.

What is another term for a patients oxygen saturation level?

In medicine, oxygen saturation, commonly referred to as sats, measures the percentage of hemoglobin binding sites in the bloodstream occupied by oxygen. At low partial pressures of oxygen, most hemoglobin is deoxygenated.

Is OPQRST for trauma or medical?

OPQRST is a useful mnemonic (memory device) used by EMTs, paramedics, as well as nurses, medical assistants and other allied health professionals, for learning about your patients pain complaint. It is a conversation starter between you, the investigator, and the patient, your research subject.

Is IM faster than IV?

The IV group experienced a significantly faster onset of analgesic effect than the IM group (5 minutes versus 20 minutes). During 5–25 minutes after morphine administration, pain status in the IV group was significantly improved compared with the IM group.

Which is the major process of absorption for more than 90% of drugs?

Passive diffusion Passive diffusion or non-ionic diffusion is considered as the major absorption process for more than 90% of drugs (see figure 3). It is the movement of the drug molecule from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration.

Abandonment To withdraw support, especially in spite of duty, allegiance, or responsibility. Unilateral termination of care without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient.

Abatacept Rx Brand name; Orencia. It reduces symptoms of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, used in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. It works by weakening your immune system and decreasing inflammation. Clients who take Orencia may experience dizziness, headache, or mild pain at injection site. It is best to use caution around injection site. Acetaminophen Rx Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol.

Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever. It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take What does OPQRST mean in EMR?, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged What does OPQRST mean in EMR?. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Acetaminophen and Codeine Rx Brand name; Tylenol 3.

Generic name; Acetaminophen and Codeine. It relieves moderate to severe pain and is used in the treatment of Migraine headaches. It works by changing how your body feels in response to pain.

Clients who take Tylenol 3 may experience headache, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, or vomiting. Acupuncture The practice of inserting needles into specific points on meridians, or channels, to stimulate or sedate energy flow to regulate or alter body function. A branch of Chinese medicine, acupuncture is the art What does OPQRST mean in EMR? science of manipulating the flow of Qi, the basic life force, and xue, the blood, body fluids, and nourishing essences.

Western medicine uses acupuncture primarily to reduce pain. Acupressure, which uses digital pressure, follows the same Asian principles. Acyclovir Rx Brand name; Zovirax. It kills specific viruses used in the treatment of Bell's palsy. It works by slowing the growth and spread of herpes virus in the body, it is not a cure, it only lessens the symptoms of the infection. Clients who take Zovirax may experience hypotension, headache, or dry mouth. Adverse Effect A pathological reaction following the ingestion of or exposure to drugs or other chemical substances.

Advil Rx Brand name; Advil or Motrin. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Clients who take Advil or Motrin may experience upset stomach, ringing in the ears, or headache. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.

Aleve Rx Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach.

It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Allegra Rx Brand name; Allegra. It relieves seasonal allergy symptoms, used for treatment of seasonal allergies. It works by reducing the effects of histamine, a natural chemical that the body releases to tackle allergens by producing sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. Clients who take Allegra may experience fatigue or drowsiness. Ambien Rx Brand name; Ambien. Classified as a Sedative hypnotic and is used for sedation for insomnia.

What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

It initiates sleep quickly within 15 minutes and has a short half-life of 2-3 hours. Is meant for a short-term treatment of insomnia. Clients who take Ambien may have abdominal pain, dry mouth, nausea, or vomiting. It is best to use deep tissue treatment work with caution, and ask about positioning during treatment. Amitriptyline hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep. Classified as a Tricyclic antidepressant.

It relieves depression and is used in the treatment of stress, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and neuropathy. It works What does OPQRST mean in EMR? affecting the balance of neurotransmitters such as serotonin natural occurring substance in the brain. Clients who take Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep may experience drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. Amma A specialized form of skilled somatic touch therapy that combines deep tissue bodywork with the application of pressure, friction and touch to specific acupoints, superficial primary and tendino- muscle energy channels, muscles, ligaments and joints.

The techniques are aimed to remove blockages and free the flow of Qi energy in the body. The treatment includes the use of dietary therapy, herbs, nutritional supplements and the external application of herbal preparations. Anacin Rx Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol. Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever. It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged use.

It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Anaprox Rx Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness.

It What does OPQRST mean in EMR? by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Aneurysm A blood-filled sac in an artery wall caused by dilation or weakening of the wall; a permanent dilation of a blood vessel caused by weakness or damage to its structure.

The most common sites of aneurysms are the aorta and the arteries of the brain; a swelling or enlargement of part of a blood vessel, resulting from weakening of the vessel wall. Angina Pectoris Severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen supply to heart muscles; Chest pain or pressure frequently brought on by exercise and relieved by rest; caused by ischemia in the heart and often treated with nitroglycerin; transient short-lived chest discomfort caused by partial or temporary blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle.

Antagonist A muscle that What does OPQRST mean in EMR? in opposition to an agonist, it is usually located on the opposite side of a joint from the agonist and the agonist performs the prime What does OPQRST mean in EMR?, both the antagonist and agonist can be assisted by synergistic muscles; a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications.

Anthrax A disease caused by deadly bacteria Bacillus anthracis that lay dormant in a spore protective shell ; the germ is released from the spore when exposed to the optimal temperature and moisture.

The routes of entry are inhalation, cutaneous, and gastrointestinal from consuming food that contains spores. Apo-Ami Triptyline Rx Brand name; Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep.

Classified as a Tricyclic antidepressant. It relieves depression and is used in the treatment of stress, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and neuropathy. It works by affecting the balance of neurotransmitters such as serotonin natural occurring substance What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

the brain. Clients who take Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep may experience drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. Apokyn Rx Brand name; Apokyn. Classified as a Non-ergoline dopamine agonist. It reduces symptoms of Parkinson's disease used in the treatment of What does OPQRST mean in EMR? disease. It works by helping to restore the balance of dopamine natural occurring substance in the brain.

Clients who take Apokyn may experience drowsiness, yawning, flushing, nausea, or vomiting. Apomorphine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Apokyn. Classified as a Non-ergoline dopamine agonist. It reduces symptoms of Parkinson's disease used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. It works by helping to restore the balance of dopamine natural occurring substance in the brain. Clients who take Apokyn may experience drowsiness, yawning, flushing, nausea, or vomiting.

Arbitration This is an alternative form of dispute resolution that takes place out of court. All parties in the dispute select an impartial third party arbitratoragree in advance to comply with the arbitrator's award, and participate in a hearing where evidence and testimonies are presented.

The arbitrator's decision is usually final, and courts rarely reexamine it. Arterioles The smallest arteries, minute artery; the smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network of capillaries. Artery A blood vessel that transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the body or deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs; a vessel that carries blood away from the heart; a blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue elastic tissue, smooth muscle, connective tissue or collagen and smooth muscle that carries blood away from the heart.

Aspirin Rx Brand name; Astrin, Empirin, or Ecotrin. It is an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic and fever reducer and is used in the treatment of stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, or tension headaches.

It works by reducing substances in the body prostaglandins that cause pain, fever, and inflammation. Clients who take Astrin, Empirin, and Ecotrin may experience upset stomach and increased bruising. It is best to use caution with deep massage techniques What does OPQRST mean in EMR? be aware of the client's decreased pain perception. Assignment of Insurance Benefits An authorization granted by the patient to allow the insurance company to pay claim benefits directly to the provider of care.

All benefits due to the provider will be mailed directly to the provider rather than to the patient. Asthma Respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of sudden onset of breathing difficulty, wheezing on expiration and inspiration as a result of constriction of the bronchi, coughing, and thick mucous bronchial secretions; also known as reactive airway disease; disease or allergic response characterized by What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

spasms and difficult breathing; an acute spasm of the smaller air passages, called bronchioles, associated with excessive mucus production and with swelling of the mucous lining of the respiratory passage. Astrin Rx Brand name; Astrin, Empirin, or Ecotrin. It is an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic and fever reducer and is used in the treatment of stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, or tension headaches.

It works by reducing substances in the body prostaglandins that cause pain, fever, and inflammation. Clients who take Astrin, Empirin, and Ecotrin may experience upset stomach and increased bruising. It is best to use caution with deep massage techniques and be aware of the client's decreased pain perception.

Atarax Rx Brand name; Atarax. Classified as an Antihistamine, sedative, and antispasmodic. It promotes calmness and reduces nausea or vomiting. It is used for the treatment of stress and allergies. It works by blocking histamine. Clients who take Atarax may experience drowsiness or dry mouth.

It is best to use deep tissue techniques with caution, and offer water. Atherosclerosis A condition in which fatty plaque is deposited in medium and large arteries; changes in the walls of the large arteries consisting of lipid deposits on the artery walls. The early What does OPQRST mean in EMR? of arteriosclerosis and increased rigidity; a disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of the blood vessels, forming plaque, which eventually leads to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.

Ativan Rx Brand name; Ativan. Classified as a Benzodiazepine anxiolytic, sedative, and hypnotic. It relieves anxiety, promotes calmness, and sleep. Clients who take Ativan may experience restlessness, drowsiness, and dry mouth. It is best to use deep tissue massage techniques with caution. Offer a calming environment and water. Atrium One of the two right and left small, thin-walled, upper What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

of the heart; the right and left are seperated by a thin interatrial septum; a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chamber; the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? atrium receives blood from the vena cava and delivers it to the right ventricle, the left atrium receives blood from pulmonary veins and delivers it to the left ventricle.

Avonex Rx Brand name; Rebif or Avonex. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1A, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, Antiproliferative, and immunomodulator. It works by using the protein Interferon not a cure to help decrease balance problems, weakness, numbness, and slow the disease.

Clients who take Avonex or Rebif may experience What does OPQRST mean in EMR? problems, depression, and flu-like symptoms. It is best to never perform deep treatment work, use caution around injection site, and never massage the day of, or day after injection. Axis The second cervical vertebra. Movement at the joint take place in a plane about an axis. There are three axis of rotation; Sagittal axis, Frontal axis, and Vertical axis. Azulfidine Rx Brand name; Azulfidine. It relieves gastrointestinal tract inflammation and is used for What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

of Rheumatoid arthritis. It works to reduce irritation and swelling in the large intestine. Clients who take Azulfidine may experience depression, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. It is best to use deep tissue techniques with caution, What does OPQRST mean in EMR? alter position when needed. Baclofen Rx Brand name; Lioresal. Classified as a Skeletal muscle relaxant. It relieves muscle spasm in the treatment of Cerebral palsy. It works by helping to relax the muscles.

Clients who take Lioresal may experience constipation or drowsiness. It is best to note that deep tissue techniques are contraindicated. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Bacteria Any of a large group of microorganisms, generally one-celled; found in humans and other animals, plants, soil, air, and water; have a broad range of functions; microorganisms that reproduce by binary fission; these single-cell creatures reproduce rapidly, some can form spores encysted variants when environmental conditions are harsh.

Most insurance companies have practitioners on contract and will not allow them to bill the client above the contracted rate the insurance company has determined. Charging the patient for the difference between the physician's fee and the insurance carrier's allowed fee. Ball-and-socket joint Joint that allows movement in many directions around a central point. Ball-and socket joints are ball-shaped convex surfaces fitted into concave sockets.

This type of joint gives the greatest freedom of movement but also is the most easily dislocated; a joint that allows internal and external rotation, as well as bending. Benztropine mesylate Rx Brand name; Cogentin. It What does OPQRST mean in EMR? physical mobility in Parkinson's patients in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Clients who take Cogentin may experience cardiac complications, confusion, incoherence, dry mouth, or constipation.

It is best for a reminder call to be placed for treatment. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Betaseron Rx Brand name; Betaseron. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1B, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, immunomodulator. It works by decreasing the number of attacks of weakness and slow the worsening of the disease with the protein interferon. Clients who take Betaseron may experience anxiety, flu-like symptoms, depression, hemorrhage, or dizziness. It is best to never perform deep treatment work.

Use caution around injection site, never massage the day of, or day after injection. Biologic rhythms The internal, periodic timing component of an organism, also known as a biorhythm. Circadian rhythms work on a 24-hour period to coordinate internal functions such as sleep. Ultradian rhythms repeat themselves from every 90 minutes to every few hours, whereas seasonal rhythms are annual functions.

Blood pressure The measurement of pressure exerted by the heart on the walls of the blood vessels. The highest pressure exerted is called systolic pressure, which results when the ventricles are contracted. Diastolic pressure, the lowest pressure, results when the ventricles are at rest. Blood forced into the aorta during systole sets up a pressure wave that travels down the arteries. The wave expands the arterial wall, and the expansion can be palpated by pressing the artery against the tissue, the waves constitute the pulse rate.

Boundaries For healthcare practitioners, a boundary is like a protective circle around the professional relationship that separates what is appropriate between practitioner and client from what is not. Keeping appropriate boundaries includes such behavior as not engaging a client in another kind of relationship, such as a social one, and honoring What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

is appropriate within the professional relationship, such as confidentiality. Brain The largest and most complex unit of the nervous system, the brain is responsible for perception, sensation, emotion, intellect, and action; the controlling organ of the body and center of consciousness; functions include perception, control of reactions to the environment, emotional responses, and judgment.

Brain stem The primitive portin of the brain that contains centers for vital functions and reflex actions, such as vomiting, coughing, sneezing, posture, and basic movement patterns; the protion of the brain consisting of the medulla, pons, and midbrain; the area of the brain between the spinal What does OPQRST mean in EMR? and cerebrum, surrounded by the cerebellum; controls functions that are neccesary for life, such as respiration.

Bubonic plague An epidemic that spread throughout Europe in the Middle Ages, causing more than 25 million deaths, also called the Black Death; transmitted by infected fleas and characterized by acute malaise, fever, and the formation of tender, enlarged, inflammed lymph nodes that appear as lesions, called buboes.

Carbidopa Rx What does OPQRST mean in EMR? name; Sinemet. Generic name; Carbidopa and Levodopa. It improves voluntary movement in the treatment of Cerebral palsy and Parkinson's disease. It works when the body and brain transform the Levodopa into What does OPQRST mean in EMR? substance that helps to decrease tremors and other symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

Carbidopa helps Levodopa to reach the brain. Clients who take Sinemet may experience cardiac irregularities, involuntary grimacing, dry mouth, or constipation. It is best to offer water. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Cardiac arrest Condition in which the heart no longer generates blood flow, causing pulselessness and apnea; two of the many causes are arrhythmias and myocardial infarction; a state in which the heart fails to generate effective and detectable blood flow; pulses are not palpable in cardiac arrest, even if muscular and electrical activity continues in the heart.

Cardiogenic shock Cardiac failure whereby the heart cannot sufficiently pump blood to the rest of the circulatory system; a state in which not enough oxygen is delivered to the tissues of the body, caused by low output of blood from the heart; it can be a severe complication of a large acute myocardial infraction, as well as other conditions. Cartilage A form of flexible connective tissue.

Types of cartilage include hyaline, fibrocartilage, and elastic cartilage; white, semiopaque connective tissue; the support structure of the skeleton system that provides cushioning between bones; also forms the nasal septum and portions of the outer ear.

These are cases in which two or more conditions are running concurrently, and the combined effects of these conditions qualify the applicant for disability benefits. Celebrex or Celecoxib Rx Brand name; Celebrex.

It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Clients who take Celebrex may experience dizziness or upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage techniques with caution. Cerebrum The largest of the three brain subdivisions, the cerebrum consists of two hemisheres that occupy the uppermost region of the crainium.

The cerebrum receives, interprets, and associates incoming information with past memories and then transmits the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? motor response; also called gray matter; made up of several lobes that control movement, hearing, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality.

Certification A voluntary regulatory method which offers the use of vocational titles to distinguish professional services. It refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics that is often, but not always, provided by some form of external review, education, assessment, or audit. In some states, certification is used as the designation for practitioners rather than licensure.

A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to What does OPQRST mean in EMR? safe and ethical care. A comprehensive federal civilian medical care program for spouses and dependents of those in the uniformed services, either active duty or personnel or those who died while on active duty, as well as retired personnel, their spouses, and dependents.

The most effective charting methods follow clinical reasoning, which emphasizes a problem-solving approach. With this practice, one is able to increase the energy flow to specific organs through massaging a series of points in the navel area. Chronic pain Pain that continues or recurs over a prolonged time, usually for more than 6 months. The onset may be obscure, and the character and quality of the pain change over time.

Codeine Rx Brand name; Tylenol 3. Generic name; Acetaminophen and Codeine. It relieves moderate to severe pain and is used in the treatment of Migraine headaches. It works by changing how your body feels in response to pain. Clients who take Tylenol 3 may experience headache, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, or vomiting. Use of a code modifier will keep the specific procedure out of the profile determination calculation. Cogentin Rx Brand name; Cogentin.

It increases physical mobility in Parkinson's patients in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clients who take Cogentin may experience cardiac complications, confusion, incoherence, dry mouth, or constipation. It is best for a reminder call to be placed for treatment. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Compazine Rx Brand name; Compazine. Classified as an Antipsychotic, Antiemetic, and anxiolytic. It relieves signs and symptoms of psychosis, reduces anxiety, and relieves nausea and vomiting.

Is also used for treatment of Migraine headache, and headaches. It works by changing the actions of chemicals in your brain. Clients who take Compazine may experience constipation and dry mouth. It is best to offer water. Abdominal massage may help with constipation. Comtan Rx Brand name; Comtan. It controls signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease used for treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Clients who take Comtan may experience anxiety, What does OPQRST mean in EMR?, abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea. It is best to perform abdominal massage to help relieve constipation. Offer a calming environment and positive reinforcement in actions and words.

Connective tissue The most abundant type of tissue in the body, connective tissue supports and holds together the body and its parts, protects the body from foreign matter, and is organized to transport substance throughout the body; a primary tissue; form and function vary extensively; functions include support, storage, and protection.

Contract An agreement between practitioner and client that is often implied rather than explicit about what each will or will not do. An ethical contract must be within the bounds of the practitioner's training and the ethical standards of her or his profession. The client agrees to give specific fees, goods, or services in return and agrees to be respectful of the practitioner's guidelines for appropriate behavior. Coumadin Rx Brand name; Coumadin. It is used for reducing the blood's ability to clot with post stroke and post cardiac events.

It is used to prevent thrombosis and thromboembolism formation and migration. Clients who take Coumadin may experience cramps, anorexia, headache, or mouth sores. It is best to consult the client's primary care provider before massage. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated and ask about cardiac implants. Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Flexeril.

Classified as a Skeletal muscle relaxant. It works by blocking nerve impulses or pain sensations that are trying to be sent to the brain. Clients who take Flexeril may experience tachycardia, drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. It is best to use deep tissue massage techniques with caution.

Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Cymbalta Rx Brand name; Cymbalta. It relieves general anxiety disorders and depression in the treatment of major depressive and general anxiety disorders, and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression. Clients who take Cymbalta may experience slow reaction time, dulled thinking, mild nausea, dry mouth, gas, or constipation. It is best to place a reminder What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the day before the appointment if needed.

Offer water and be patient during the intake interview. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Defense mechanisms Psychological strategies of relating to the world that are developed unconsciously to protect people from shame, anxiety, and other emotionally painful experiences that they are unable to handle.

Denial, dissociation, projection, reaction formation, repression, displacement, intellectualization, rationalization, sublimation, compensation, and assertiveness are common mechanisms used. Depakote Rx Brand name; Depakote. Classified as an Antiseizure medication. It works by affecting chemicals in What does OPQRST mean in EMR? body that may be involved in causing seizures.

Clients who take Depakote may experience drowsiness, nausea, or vomiting. It is best not to use percussive treatment work. Dermatitis A general term for acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by redness, eruptions, edema, scaling, and itching.

The three main types are atropic dermatities, seborrheic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. Eczema is a form of dermatitis; an inflammation of the skin; nonspecific skin allergies. Dermis The inner layer of skin that contains collagen and elastin fibers, which provide much What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the structure and strength of the skin, and is much thicker than the epidermis; the deep layer of the skin; composed of dense, irregular connective tissue; the inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.

Diabetes mellitus A metabolic disorder that results from inadequate insulin secretion; a disease caused by deficient insulin release or inadequate responsiveness to insulin, leading to inability of the body cells to use carbohydrates at a normal rate; a metabolic disorder in which the ability to metabolize carbohydrates sugars is impaired, usually because of a lack of insulin. Diaphragm A dome-shaped sheet of muscle attached to the thoracic wall that seperates the lungs and thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.

As the chest cavity enlarges, the diaphragm moves downward and flattens to create a vacuum that allows air to flow into the lungs. As the chest contracts and the diaphragm relaxes, the diaphragm arches upward, helping air to flow out of the lungs; any portition or wall separating one area from another; a muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity; a muscular dome that forms the undersurface of the thorax, separating the chest from the abdominal cavity; when the diaphragm and chest wall muscles contract air is brought into the lungs, when the diaphragm relaxes air is expelled from the lungs.

Diazepam Rx Brand name; Valium. Classified as a Benzodiazepine anxiolytic, skeletal muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and sedative. It promotes calmness and reduces muscle spasm, anxiety, and seizures in the treatment of Cerebral palsy, and Chronic What does OPQRST mean in EMR? syndrome. Clients who take Valium may experience bradycardia, physical or psychological dependence, drowsiness, nausea, or vomiting.

Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated, abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Diffusion Movement of ions and molecules from an area of higher concentration to that of a lower concentration; the spreading of particles in a gas or solution with a movement toward uniform distribution of particles; a process in which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.

Dihydroergotamine mesylate Rx Brand name; Migranal. Classified as a Cranial vasoconstrictor. It reduces symptoms of migraine and cluster headaches in the treatment of Migraine headache. It works by narrowing the blood vessels in the brain. Clients who take Migranal may experience anxiety, sweating, abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting.

It is best to adjust for temperature needs, and create a calming environment. Discovery The phase of a civil suit where the plaintiff and defense obtain information from each other that will enable the attorneys to have a better understanding of the case, which will assist them in negotiating a possible settlement or in preparing for trial.

Discovery includes depositions, interrogatories, and demands for production of records. Divalproex sodium Rx Brand name; Depakote.

Classified as an Antiseizure medication. It works by affecting chemicals in the body that may be involved in causing seizures.

Clients who take Depakote may experience drowsiness, nausea, or vomiting. It is best not to use percussive treatment work. Doxepin hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Sinequan.

Classified as a Tricyclic Antidepressant. It relieves depression and anxiety in the treatment of Fibromyalgia. It is not known how it works. Clients who take Sinequan may experience tachycardia, drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. Duloxetine Rx Brand name; Cymbalta.

It relieves general anxiety disorders and depression in the treatment of major depressive and general anxiety disorders, and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression.

Clients who take Cymbalta may experience slow reaction time, dulled thinking, mild nausea, dry mouth, gas, or constipation. It is best to place a reminder call the day before the appointment if needed. Offer water and be patient during the intake interview. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Duty of care A legal requirement that a practitioner adheres to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could possibly be harmful. If a practitioner's actions don't meet this standard of care, then the acts are considered negligent, and any damages resulting may be claimed in a lawsuit for negligence.

Eccentric contraction The action of an antagonist by which a muscle lengthens while under tension and changes in tension to control the descent of the resistance.

Eccentric contractions may be thought of as controlling movement against gravity or resistance and are described as negative contractions. Ecotrin Rx Brand name; Astrin, Empirin, or Ecotrin. It is an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic and fever reducer and is used in the treatment of stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, or tension headaches. It works by reducing substances in the body prostaglandins that cause pain, fever, and inflammation.

Clients who take Astrin, Empirin, and Ecotrin may experience upset stomach and increased bruising. It is best to use caution with deep massage techniques and be aware of the client's decreased pain perception. Edema A local or generalized condition in which body tissues contain an excessive amount of fluid.

The accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid in tissue space; an abnormal accumulation of fluid in body parts or tissues; causes swelling; the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid between cells in body tissues, causing swelling of the affected area.

Effexor Rx Brand name; Effexor. It effects the chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression. Clients who take Effexor may experience increased blood pressure, agitation, constipation, nausea, and weakness.

It is best to use caution with stimulating techniques, and abdominal massage may relieve constipation. Eletriptan hydrobromide Rx Brand name; Relpax. It relieves migraine headache symptoms used for the treatment of Migraine headaches.

It works by narrowing blood vessels around the brain and reducing substances What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the body that can trigger migraine symptoms such as headache pain, nausea, sensitivity to light and What does OPQRST mean in EMR?. Clients who take Relpax may experience palpitations, dizziness, flushing, or abdominal pain. Emotionally oriented bodywork Manual therapy that is based on the idea that physical tension and restriction are related to unconscious patterns of holding that the client has adopted, often early in life, to cope with his or her emotional environment.

The practitioner facilitates the client in releasing these tension patterns for the greater emotional and physical well-being of the client. Also called psychologically oriented bodywork. Emphysema A condition caused by overdistension of the pulmonary alveoli and fibrosis of lung tissue; a disease of the lungs in which there is extreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Empirin Rx Brand name; Astrin, Empirin, or Ecotrin. It is an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic and fever reducer and is used in the treatment of stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, or tension headaches.

It works by reducing substances in the body prostaglandins that cause pain, fever, and inflammation. Clients who take Astrin, Empirin, and Ecotrin may experience upset stomach and increased bruising. It is best to use caution with deep massage techniques and be aware of What does OPQRST mean in EMR? client's decreased pain perception. Enbrel Rx Brand name; Enbrel.

It relieves signs and symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis used for treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. Clients who take Enbrel may experience abdominal pain, dizziness, or headache.

Endep Rx Brand name; Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep. Classified as a Tricyclic antidepressant. It relieves depression and is used in the treatment of stress, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and neuropathy. It works by affecting the balance of neurotransmitters such as serotonin natural occurring substance in the brain. Clients who take Apo-Ami Triptyline or Endep may experience drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation.

Enfuvirtide Rx Brand name; Fuzeon. Clients who take Fuzeon may experience peripheral neuropathy, depression, bruising, abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated. Gentle abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Perform neuropathy protocol and be supportive in actions and words. Entacapone Rx Brand name; Comtan. It controls signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease used for treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Clients who take Comtan may experience anxiety, depression, abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea. It is best to perform abdominal massage to help relieve constipation. Offer a calming environment and positive reinforcement in actions and words. Epinephrine A catecholamine released by the nervous system and involved in fight-or-flight responses such as dilation of a blood vessels to the skeletal muscles. Epinephrine is classified as a hormone when secreted by the adrenal gland; a substance produced by the body commonly called adrenalineand a drug produced by phamacuetical companies that increases pulse rate and blood pressure; the drug of choice for an anaphylactic reaction.

Escitalopram oxalate Rx Brand name; Lexapro. It relieves depression and anxiety and is used for treatment of Stress. It works by helping to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain. Clients who take Lexapro may experience cardiac complications, abdominal pain, abnormal dreams, dizziness, migraine, sedation, heartburn, indigestion, and gas. It is best not to let the client fall asleep.

Etanercept Rx Brand name; Enbrel. It relieves signs and symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis used for treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. Clients who take Enbrel may experience abdominal pain, dizziness, or headache.

External respiration The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream; the actual exchange of gases between the alveoli and the blood pulmonary gas exchange ; the exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood cells in the pulmonary capillaries; also called pulmonary respiration. Fascia A general term for a layer or layers of loose or dense fibrous connective tissue. A fibrous membrane covering, supporting, stabilizing, enclosing, and separating muscles; the substance tissue that connects the skin to the muscles; the fiberlike connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.

Feverall Rx Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol. Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever. It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged use. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.

Fexofenadine hydrochloride What does OPQRST mean in EMR? Brand name; Allegra. It relieves seasonal allergy symptoms, used for treatment of seasonal allergies. It works by reducing the effects of histamine, a natural chemical that the body releases to tackle allergens by producing sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. Clients who take Allegra may experience fatigue or drowsiness.

Fixator One of the stabilizing muscles surrounding a joint or body part that contracts to fixate, or stabilize, the area, enabling another limb or body segment to exert force and move; muscle acting to immobilize a joint or a bone; fixes the origin of a muscle so that muscle actions can be exerted at the insertion. Flexeril Rx Brand name; Flexeril. Classified as a Skeletal muscle relaxant. It works by blocking nerve impulses or pain sensations that are trying to be sent to the brain.

Clients who take Flexeril may experience tachycardia, drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. It is best to use deep tissue massage techniques with caution. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Fluoxetine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Prozac.

It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that become unbalanced. Clients who take Prozac may experience insomnia, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. It is best to use abdominal massage to help constipation. Fontanels Areas of the skull of an infant in which the bone formation is incomplete. Framework The logistics by which practitioners define themselves as professional and create a safe atmosphere for clients.

Framework includes the way we present ourselves in advertising, the preparation of the physical setting, policies on fees and time, and such ground rules as keeping the focus on the client. The terms anterior and posterior relate to the frontal plane. Fuzeon Rx Brand name; Fuzeon. Clients who take Fuzeon may experience peripheral neuropathy, depression, bruising, abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea.

Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated. Gentle abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Perform neuropathy protocol and be supportive in actions and words. Gabapentin Rx Brand name; Neurontin. It prevents and treats partial seizures, and relieves neuralgia. Is also used for treatment of Chronic fatigue syndrome and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals and nerves in the body What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

are involved in the causing of seizures. Clients who take Neurontin may experience amnesia, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, and constipation. It is best to place a reminder call the day before the appointment. Gabitril Rx Brand name; Gabitril. It is believed to affect the neurotransmitters in the brain that slow down communication between nerves.

Clients who take Gabitril may experience dizziness, drowsiness, language problems, and abdominal pain. General adaptation syndrome The method the body uses to mobilize different defense mechanisms when threatened by actual or preceived harmful stimuli; the body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.

Glucose Simple sugar used by the cell for energy; derived from the digestion of complex carbohydrates that are eaten, from the breakdown of glycogen in the liver, or by conversion of protein in the liver; the principal sugar in the blood; a monosaccharide; one of the basic sugars; it is primary fuel, in conjunction with oxygen, for cellular metabolism.

What does OPQRST mean in EMR? care proxies A type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision making capacity; also known as a durable power of attorney for health care.

Heart The pump of the cardiovascular system; the heart is hollow, cone-shaped, and about the size of a fist and is located in the mediastinum of the thoracic cavity. The myocardium is the heart muscle itself, the endocardium is the thin inner lining, and the epicardium is the outer membrane; a hollow muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.

Heatstroke A life-threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by warm, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and often irreversible coma; the failure of the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? ability of an individual under heat stress; results from prolonged exposure to high temperatures, usually in combination with dehydration; a core body temperature greater than 105 degrees, red, hot and dry skin, lack of sweating; nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma can occur; also called sunstroke.

Histamine Substance released by the immune system in allergic reactions that are responsible for many of the symptoms of anaphylaxis, such as vasodilation; a neurotransmitter that is considered a stimulant; histamine is released by the mast cells as part of the inflammatory process and can cause itching; a substance that causes vasodilation and increased vascular permeability. Homeostasis The relatively constant state of the internal environment of the body that is maintained by adaptive responses; specific control and feedback mechanisms are responsible for adjusting body systems to maintain this state; a state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body; a balance of all systems of the body.

Hormones Responsible for specific regulatory effects on certain parts or organs; chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands; substances formed in specialized organs or glands and carried to another organ or group of cells in the same organism; hormones regulate many body functions, including metabolism, growth, and body temperature.

All personnel working in the hot zone must wear complete, appropriate protective clothing and equipment. Entry requires approval by the incident commander or other designated officer. Hyaline cartilage The thin covering of articular connective tissue on the ends of the bones in freely movable joints in the adult skeleton.

Hyaline cartilage forms a smooth, resilient, low-friction surface for the articulation of one bone with another, distributes forces, and helps absorb some of the pressure imposed on the joint surface. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate Rx Brand name; Plaquenil.

Classified as an Antimalarial and Anti-inflammatory. It reduces inflammation and is used for treatment of Rheumatoid What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

auto-immune disease. No explanation as to how it works. Clients who take Plaquenil may experience irritability, fatigue, anorexia, and abdominal cramps. It is best to What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

patient with mood swings. Hydroxyzine embonate Rx Brand name; Atarax. Classified as an Antihistamine, sedative, and antispasmodic. It promotes calmness and reduces nausea or vomiting. It is used for the treatment of stress and allergies.

It works by blocking histamine. Clients who take Atarax may experience drowsiness or dry mouth. It is best to use deep tissue techniques with caution, and offer water.

Ibuprofen Rx Brand name; Advil or Motrin. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Clients who take Advil or Motrin may experience upset stomach, ringing in the ears, or headache. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Classified as a Tricyclic Antidepressant. It relieves depression and is used for treatment of depression and neuropathy.

It works by restoring balance to the neurotransmitters in the brain. An abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Imitrex Rx Brand name; Imitrex. It relieves acute migraine pain and is used for treatment of Migraine headaches.

What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

It activates specific receptor subtypes in the cranial arteries and veins acting as an agonist to reduce vascular inflammation. Clients who take Imitrex may experience cardiovascular abnormalities, drowsiness, and abdominal discomfort. What does OPQRST mean in EMR? Resistance to disease provided by the body through specific or nonspecific immunity; the immune system is a functional system rather than an organ system in the anatomic sense; the most important immune cells are lymphocytes and macrophages; the key to immunity is the ability of the body to distinguish self from nonself; the ability of the body to resist many agents, both living and nonliving What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

can cause disease. Informed consent The process of getting a client's permission before proceeding with a healthcare treatment. The client must be fully advised and have a clear understanding of the procedures, alternative approaches, benefits, and potential consequences or contraindications. This information must be presented in a form the client or the client's guardian can understand and consent must be given without coercion.

Integrity The quality or state of being complete; unbroken condition; wholeness; honesty; and sincerity. People who possess integrity behave ethically, honor confidences, and keep their word. The three major levels of integrity are: keeping one's agreements; being true to one's principles; and the highest level is being true to oneself. Intellectual property A legal concept which refers to creations of the mind e. Common types of intellectual property rights include copyright, trademarks, patents, and industrial design rights.

Interferon Beta-1A Rx Brand name; Rebif or Avonex. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1A, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, Antiproliferative, and immunomodulator. It works by using the protein Interferon not a cure to help decrease balance problems, weakness, numbness, and slow the disease.

Clients who take Avonex or Rebif may experience liver problems, depression, and flu-like symptoms. It is best to never perform deep treatment work, use caution around injection site, and never massage the day of, or day after injection.

Interferon Beta-1B Rx Brand name; Betaseron. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1B, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, immunomodulator. It works by decreasing the number of attacks of weakness and slow the worsening of the disease with the protein interferon. Clients who take Betaseron may experience anxiety, flu-like symptoms, depression, hemorrhage, or dizziness. It is best to never perform deep treatment work. Use caution around injection site, never massage the day of, or day after injection.

Jaw-thrust maneuver Technique to open the airway by placing the fingers behind the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? of the jaw and bringing the jaw forward; used for patients who may have a cervical spine injury; maneuver for opening the airway in unconscious patients; enables cervical spine stabilization What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

is often used with trauma patients. It promotes a pleasurable trance state during which the recipient can get in touch with the body and access feelings or emotions related to the physical condition. Kinetic chain An integrated functional unit. The kinetic chain is made up of the myofascial system muscle, ligament, tendon, and fasciaarticular joint system, and nervous system.

Each of these systems works interdependently to allow structural and functional efficiency in all three planes of motion: sagittal, frontal, and transverse. Lexapro Rx Brand name; Lexapro. It relieves depression and anxiety and is used for treatment of Stress.

It works by helping to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain. Clients who take Lexapro may experience cardiac complications, abdominal pain, abnormal dreams, dizziness, migraine, sedation, heartburn, indigestion, and gas. It is best not to let the client fall asleep. Licensure The process whereby a competent authority, usually the state, allows individuals to perform a regulated act. The most restrictive form of regulation, yet it provides the greatest level of public protection.

Licensing programs typically involve the completion of a prescribed educational program, passing an examination that measures a minimal level of competency, and usually requires the licensee to adhere to a code of ethics or professional conduct.

Lioresal Rx Brand name; Lioresal. Classified as a Skeletal muscle relaxant. It relieves muscle spasm in the treatment of Cerebral palsy. It works by helping to relax the muscles.

Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary

Clients who take Lioresal may experience constipation or drowsiness. It is best to note that deep tissue techniques are contraindicated. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Lorazepam Rx Brand name; Ativan. Classified as a Benzodiazepine anxiolytic, sedative, and hypnotic. It relieves anxiety, promotes calmness, and sleep. Clients who take Ativan may experience restlessness, drowsiness, and dry mouth.

It is best to use deep tissue massage techniques with caution. Offer a calming environment and water. Lymph A clear interstitial tissue fluid that bathes the cells; lymph contains lymphocytes, which provide immune response; returns plasma proteins that have leaked out through capillary walls; and transports fats from the gastrointestinal system to the bloodstream; fluid in the lymph vessels collected from the tissue spaces.

Lymph nodes Small, round structures distributed along the network of lymph vessels that provide a filtering system for removing waste products and transferring them to the bloodstream for removal of the spleen, intestines, and kidneys for detoxification; lymph nodes are centers for lymphocyte production; main function is to prevent bacteria and viruses from gaining access to the bloodstream; generally clustered at the joints for assistance in pumping when the joint moves, they are especially numerous in the axillae, groin, and neck and along certain blood vessels of the pelvis, abdominal, and thoracic cavities; a mass of lymphatic tissue; the area of the lymphatic system where infection-fighting cells are housed.

Lyrica Rx Brand name; Lyrica. It decreases neuropathic pain and is used for treatment of Fibromyalgia, and neuropathy. It works by calming the damaged or overactive nerves that cause pain. Clients who take Lyrica may experience dizziness, blurred vision, drowsiness, and easy bruising.

Manual therapists Trained professionals who touch the physical or energetic body of the client or who use a method of movement to affect the body of a client for the purpose of facilitating awareness, health, and well-being.

As used here, the term is interchangeable with somatic practitioners and includes massage therapists, bodyworkers, movement educators, practitioners of Asian methods, and practitioners who work primarily with energy fields. Mediation This has become a very common form of dispute resolution where a third party mediator works with disputants to agree on a fair result.

It is less costly and less time consuming over the long term and can be the way to finding innovative, mutually beneficial solutions. However, mediation does not always result in a settlement. Meningitis An infection or inflammation of the meninges, highly vascular membranes that separate the skull from the brain; inflammation What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the meninges of the brain or spinal cord; an inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord; it is What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

caused by a virus or a bacterium. Mentor A trusted colleague who provides guidance and education. Mentors are usually helpful in advising on both the details of establishing oneself as a professional and the broader general aspects of taking on a professional role or of taking on the role of a particular kind of bodywork or massage practitioner.

Metabolism cellular respiration Chemical processes in the body that convert food and oxygen into energy to support growth, distribution of nutrients, and elimination of waste; the sum total of the chemical reactions that occur in the body; the biochemical processes that result in production of What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

from nutrients within the cells. Migranal Rx Brand name; Migranal. Classified as a Cranial vasoconstrictor. It reduces symptoms of migraine and cluster headaches in the treatment of Migraine headache. It works by narrowing the blood vessels in the brain.

Clients who take Migranal may experience anxiety, sweating, abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting. It is best to adjust for temperature needs, and create a calming environment.

Motrin Rx Brand name; Advil or Motrin. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Clients who take Advil or Motrin may experience upset stomach, ringing in the ears, or headache. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.

Multiple intelligences Howard Gardner's theory that people possess a variety of different intellectual capacities that operate relatively independently of one another. Nine learning styles; Visual-Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, and Realia. Muscle tone Sustained partial contraction of a muscle in response to stretch receptor inputs; keeps the muscle healthy and ready to react; a muscle's resistance to passive stretch, reflects the relative influences of the mechanical-elastic characteristics of muscular and connective tissues, and the reflexive drive to the muscle.

Naprelan Rx Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain.

Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is What does OPQRST mean in EMR? to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Naprosyn Rx Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn.

It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain.

Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Naproxen Rx Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever What does OPQRST mean in EMR? used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness.

It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Nasal Cannula Device used to deliver low concentrations of oxygen to patients who need supplemental oxygen but who are not in acute respiratory distress; an oxygen-delivery device in which oxygen flows through two small, tubelike prongs that fit into the patient's nostrils; delivers 24% to 44% supplemental oxygen, depending on the flow rate.

Neupro Rx Brand name; Neupro. Classified as a Dopamine agonist. It reduces symptoms of early stage Parkinson's Disease and is used for treatment of Parkinson's Disease. It works by helping to restore the balance of dopamine in the brain. Clients who take Neupro may experience fatigue, joint pain, dry mouth, and constipation. It is best to not What does OPQRST mean in EMR? around patch. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Neurilemma The outer cell membrane of a Schwann cell that is essential in the regeneration of injured axons; the thin membrane spirally wraps the myelin layers of certain fibers, especially of peripheral nerves, or the axons of certain unmyelinated nerve fibers.

Also called Schwann's membrane, sheath of Schwann, and endoneural membrane. Neurontin Rx Brand name; Neurontin.

Medical record

It What does OPQRST mean in EMR? and treats partial seizures, and relieves neuralgia. Is also used for treatment of Chronic fatigue syndrome and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the causing of seizures. Clients who take Neurontin may experience amnesia, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, and constipation. It is best to place a reminder What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? before the appointment. Norepinephrine A catecholamine primarily involved in emotional responses.

Orencia Rx Brand name; Orencia. It reduces symptoms of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, used in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. It works by weakening your immune system and decreasing inflammation. Clients who take Orencia may experience dizziness, headache, or mild pain at injection site. It is best to use caution around injection site. Origin The What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

proximal attachment of a muscle; the part that attaches closest to the midline center of the body; the least movable part of a muscle; the more stationary attachment site of a muscle to a bone; the opposite end is the insertion; attachment of a muscle that remains relatively fixed during muscular contraction. Oropharygneal oral Airway Airway adjunct designed to prevent airway obstruction by the tongue in unconscious patients; inserted upside down and rotated 180 degrees; airway adjunct inserted into the mouth of an unresponsive patient to keep the tongue from blocking the upper airway and to facilitate suctioning the airway, if necessary.

Osteoporosis A disorder of the bones in which a lack of calcium and What does OPQRST mean in EMR? minerals and a decrease in bone protein leaves the bone soft. Oxycodone hydrochloride Rx Brand name; OxyContin. Classified as an Opioid analgesic. It works as a controlled-release opioid agonist increasing analgesic effects pain reliever.

Clients who take OxyContin may experience sedation, dry mouth, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.

Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Ensure client's alertness for the drive home. OxyContin Rx Brand name; OxyContin. Classified as an Opioid analgesic. It works as a controlled-release opioid agonist increasing analgesic effects pain reliever.

Clients who take OxyContin may experience sedation, dry mouth, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Ensure client's alertness for the drive home. Panadol Rx Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol.

Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever. It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged use. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.

Paroxetine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Paxil. It works by effecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced. Clients who take Paxil may experience abdominal pain, insomnia, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, and sexual dysfunction. It is best to perform an abdominal massage to help relieve constipation, keep client awake to avoid disrupting sleep patterns. Passive language Communicates a lack of self-confidence or self-esteem. The tone of voice may be whiny, hesitant, or self-deprecating.

Passive statements are generally ambiguous, failing to clearly specify what the practitioner wants or expects to have happen and what the consequences will be if the client does not comply. Paxil Rx Brand name; Paxil. It works by effecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced. Clients who take Paxil may experience abdominal pain, insomnia, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, and sexual dysfunction.

It is best to perform an abdominal massage to help relieve constipation, keep client awake to avoid disrupting sleep patterns. Peristalsis Rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles that propel products of digestion along the tract from the esophagus to the anus; the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract; the wavelike contraction of smooth muscle by which the ureters or other tubular organs propel What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

contents. Peritoneum The mucous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity to prevent friction from the organs; the serous membrane lining the What does OPQRST mean in EMR? of the abdominal cavity and covering the surfaces of the abdominal organs; the membrane lining the abdominal cavity parietal peritoneum and covering the abdominal organs visceral peritoneum.

Plaquenil Rx Brand name; Plaquenil. Classified as an Antimalarial and Anti-inflammatory. It reduces inflammation and is used for treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis auto-immune disease. No explanation as to how it works. Clients who take Plaquenil may experience irritability, fatigue, anorexia, and abdominal cramps. It is best to be patient with mood swings.

Poor air exchange A term used to describe the degree of distress in a patient with a mild airway obstruction. With poor air exchange, the patient often has a weak, ineffective cough, increased difficulty breathing, or possible cyanosis and may produce a What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

noise during inhalation stridor. A type of anxiety disorder that can develop after experiencing a very traumatic or life-threatening event. It can cause flashbacks; sleep problems; nightmares; hypervigilance; feelings of isolation, guilt, and paranoia; and sometimes panic attacks. Pregabalin Rx Brand name; Lyrica. It decreases neuropathic pain and is used for treatment of Fibromyalgia, and neuropathy.

It works by calming the damaged or overactive nerves that cause pain. Clients who take Lyrica may experience dizziness, blurred vision, drowsiness, and easy bruising.

Prochlorperazine Rx Brand name; Compazine. Classified as an Antipsychotic, Antiemetic, and anxiolytic. It relieves signs and symptoms of psychosis, reduces anxiety, and relieves nausea and vomiting. Is also used for treatment of Migraine headache, and headaches. It works by changing the actions of chemicals in your brain. Clients who take Compazine may experience constipation and dry mouth.

It is best to offer water. Abdominal massage may help with constipation. Prozac Rx Brand name; Prozac. It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that become unbalanced. Clients who take Prozac may experience insomnia, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. It is best to use abdominal massage to help constipation. Pulmonary circulation System of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange; the flow of blood from the right ventricle through the pulmonary arteries and all of their branches and capillaries in the lungs and back to the left atrium through the venules and pulmonary veins; also called the lesser circulation.

Rebif Rx Brand name; Rebif or Avonex. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1A, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, Antiproliferative, and immunomodulator.

It works by using the protein Interferon not a cure to help decrease balance problems, weakness, numbness, and slow the disease. Clients who take Avonex or Rebif may experience liver problems, depression, and flu-like symptoms. It is best to never perform deep treatment work, use caution around injection site, and never massage the day of, or day after injection. Reiki A form of energy healing.

Reiki involves gentle touch that directs chi Qi or Ki for the purpose of strengthening the client's energy system. Relpax Rx Brand name; Relpax. It relieves migraine headache symptoms used for the treatment of Migraine headaches. It works by narrowing blood vessels around the brain and reducing substances in the body that can trigger migraine symptoms such as headache pain, nausea, sensitivity to light and sound.

Clients who take Relpax may experience palpitations, dizziness, flushing, or abdominal pain. Requip Rx Brand name; Requip. Classified as an Antiparkinson medication. It increases physical mobility in Parkinson's patients and is used for treatment of Parkinson's Disease. It acts like dopamine neurotransmitter in the brainand a systemic chemical messenger. Clients who take Requip may experience cardiac complications, difficulty breathing, fatigue, weakness, impotence, and hallucinations.

Ropinirole hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Requip. Classified as an Antiparkinson medication. It increases physical mobility in Parkinson's patients and is used for treatment of Parkinson's Disease. It acts like dopamine neurotransmitter in the brainand a systemic chemical messenger. Clients who take Requip may experience cardiac complications, difficulty breathing, fatigue, weakness, impotence, and hallucinations. Rotigotine Rx Brand name; Neupro.

Classified as a Dopamine agonist. It reduces symptoms of early stage Parkinson's Disease and is used for treatment of Parkinson's Disease. It works What does OPQRST mean in EMR? helping to restore the balance of dopamine in the brain. Clients who take Neupro may experience fatigue, joint pain, dry mouth, and constipation. It is best to not massage around patch.

Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Rosen method bodywork A method that uses gentle touch coupled with verbal communication to help clients become aware of and release unconscious physical and emotional tension. The practitioner notices changes in muscle tension and shifts in breathing patterns and uses them as a guide to enhance clients' awareness of their internal experience.

Sagittal lateral plane A plane that divides the body into left and right portions; an imaginary line where the body is cut into left and right parts. The descriptive terms lateral and medial correlate to the sagittal plane about which movements of flexion and extension take place. The Midsagittal plane is the midline that runs down the exact center of the body, What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

the sagittal plane in two symmetrical halves. Secondary assessment A step within the patient assessment process in which a systematic physical examination of the patient is performed. The examination may be a systamatic full-body scan or a systematic assessment that focuses on a certain area or region of the body, often determined through the cheif complaint.

Sertraline hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Zoloft. It works to affect chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced. Clients who take Zoloft may experience insomnia, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and sexual dysfunction. It is best to use abdominal massage to help relieve constipation, and keep client awake. Sexuality The emotional, physical, cultural, or spiritual actions or reactions to sexual arousal.

Sexuality is greater than the sum of its parts. Sexuality encompasses biological anatomy and physiologypsychological thoughts, feelings, and values and cultural family, society, and religious influences. Sexualization Making an event, procedure, conversation, or experience into something that is sexual or could be interpreted as sexual.

Shaken baby syndrome A syndrome seen in abused infants and children; the patient has been subjected to violent, whiplash-type shaking injuries inflicted by the abusing individual that may cause coma, seizures, and increased intracranial pressure due to tearing of the cerebral veins with consequent bleeding into the brain. Shock An inadequate blood supply to vital organs, causing reduced function in these organs; failure of the circulatory system to perfuse tissues; hypoperfusion of the circulatory system; a condition in which the circulatory system fails to provide sufficient circulation to enable every body part to perform its function; also called hypoperfusion.

Sinemet Rx Brand name; Sinemet. Generic name; Carbidopa and Levodopa. It improves voluntary movement in the treatment of Cerebral palsy and Parkinson's disease. It works when the body and brain transform the Levodopa into a substance that helps to decrease tremors and other symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Carbidopa helps Levodopa to reach the brain. Clients who take Sinemet may experience cardiac irregularities, involuntary grimacing, dry mouth, or constipation.

It is best to offer water. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Sinequan Rx Brand name; Sinequan. Classified as a Tricyclic Antidepressant. It relieves depression and anxiety in the treatment of Fibromyalgia. It is not known how it works. Clients who take Sinequan may experience tachycardia, drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. Sinus Four groups of air-filled spaces that open into the internal nose.

They are located in the frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, and maxillary bones of the skull. Sinuses are lined with mucosa and function to lighten the weight of the skull, making it easier to hold the head up and What does OPQRST mean in EMR? in the production of sound; mucous membrane-lined, air-filled cavity in certain cranial bones; a dilated channel for passage of blood or lymph. Slander False and damaging information about a person's reputation that is communicated by spoken word.

A fleeting oral defamation by methods such as spoken words or sounds, sign language, and gestures. Note: Due to their broad reach, words broadcasted on television, radio, and video is considered slander. Smooth muscle fibers Muscle fibers that are neither striated nor voluntary.

These muscle cells help regulate blood flow through the cardiovascular system, propel food through the gut, and squeeze secretions from glands; muscle consisting of spindle-shaped, unstriped nonstriated muscle cells; involuntary muscle; involuntary muscle; it constitutes the bulk of the gastrointestinal tract and is present in nearly every organ to regulate automatic activity.

Somatic practitioners Trained professionals who touch the physical or energetic body of the client or who use a method of movement to affect the body of a client for the purpose of facilitating awareness, health, and well-being.

The term as used here is interchangeable with manual therapists and includes massage therapists, bodyworkers, movement educators, practitioners of Asian methods, and practitioners who work primarily with energy fields. Sonata Rx Brand name; Sonata. Classified as a Sedative hypnotic. Is meant What does OPQRST mean in EMR? a short-term treatment of insomnia.

Clients who take Sonata may experience abdominal pain, dry mouth, and chest pain. It is best to use deep tissue treatment work with caution.

Special Populations Each group of people that inhabit the margins of our society has a unique set of needs. Specific areas of Special Populations include; Children, Disabled people, Elderly, Ethnic minorities, Immigrants and Refugees, Prisoners, Pregnant women, Students, Veterans and Military Personnel.

The two major functions of the spinal cord are to conduct nerve impulses and to be a center for spinal reflexes; an extension of the brain, composed of virtually all the nerves carrying messages between the brain and the rest of the body. It lies inside of and is protected by the spinal canal. The precautions were instituted to prevent the spread of bacterial and viral infections by setting up specific methods of dealing with human fluids and waste products.

Standard precautions protect client and practitioner from pathogens; protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable diseases.

Stress Any external or internal stimulus that requires a change or response to prevent an imbalance in the internal environment of the body, mind, or emotions.

Stress may be any activity that makes demands on mental and emotional resources. Some responses to stress may stimulate neurons of the What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

to release corticotropin-releasing hormone. Sulfasalazine Rx Brand name; Azulfidine. It relieves gastrointestinal tract inflammation and is used for treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. It works to reduce irritation and swelling in the large intestine. Clients who take Azulfidine may experience depression, headache, abdominal What does OPQRST mean in EMR?, nausea, and vomiting.

It is best to use deep What does OPQRST mean in EMR? techniques with caution, and alter position when needed. Sumatriptan Succinate Rx Brand name; Imitrex. It relieves acute migraine pain and is used for treatment of Migraine headaches.

It activates specific receptor subtypes in the cranial arteries and veins acting as an agonist to reduce vascular inflammation. Clients who take Imitrex may experience cardiovascular abnormalities, drowsiness, and abdominal discomfort. Supervision The process of working with a more experienced practitioner or counselor for the purpose of dealing with day-to-day challenges, ethical dilemmas, and setting boundaries.

An ongoing arrangement made with a professional trained in psychological dynamics for help with the relationship aspects of a practitioner's work. Supervision includes clarifying the client's transference issues and the practitioner's countertransference issues, suggesting effective interventions and identifying the practitioner's vulnerabilities and areas of strength. Surfactant A chemical substance coating the pulmonary alveoli walls that reduces surface tension, thus preventing collapse of the alveoli after expiration; A liquid protein substance that coats the alveoli in the lungs, decreases alveolar surface tension, and keeps the alveoli expanded; a low level in a premature infant contributes to respiratory distress syndrome.

Synovial joint A joint containing a lubricating substance synovial fluid and lined with synovial membrane or capsule. A freely moving joint allowing motion in one or more planes of action; freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity enclosed by an articular fibrous capsule lined with synovial membrane.

Thorax The region between the neck and abdomen, also known as the chest cavity. The thorax is the upper region of the torso enclosed by the sturnum, ribs, and thoracic vertebrae and contains the lungs, heart, and great vessels; that portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below the neck; the chest What does OPQRST mean in EMR? that contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and great What does OPQRST mean in EMR?.

Tiagabine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Gabitril. It is believed to affect the neurotransmitters in the brain that slow down communication between nerves. Clients who take Gabitril may experience dizziness, drowsiness, language problems, and abdominal pain.

Title protection The lowest levels of regulation. Only those who satisfy certain requirements may use the relevent prescribed title. Thus, anyone may engage in the particular practice, but only those who satisfy the prescribed requirements may What does OPQRST mean in EMR? the specific title. Classified as a Tricyclic Antidepressant. It relieves depression and is used for treatment of depression and neuropathy.

It works by restoring balance to the neurotransmitters in the What does OPQRST mean in EMR?. An abdominal massage may help relieve constipation.

Tourniquet Band of cloth or plastic placed around an extremity and twisted or knotted to increase pressure so that blood flow below the band is interrupted or stopped; last resort measure used to control severe bleeding; the bleeding control method used when a wound continues to bleed despite the use of direct pressure and elevation; useful if a patient is bleeding severely from a partial or complete amputation.

Tramadol hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Ultram. Classified as a Synthetic analgesic painkillers. It helps the brain to change how your body responds to pain. Clients who take Ultram may experience sedation, nausea, and constipation.

It is best to use deep treatment work with caution. Abdominal massage may relieve constipation. Transference When a client unconsciously projects transfers unresolved feelings, needs, and issues- usually from childhood and usually related to parent or other authority figures- onto a practitioner.

A normal psychological phenomenon characterized by unconscious redirection of feelings from client to practitioner. Trauma score A score that relates to the likelihood of patient survival with the exception of a severe head injury.

It calculates a number from 1 to 16, with 16 being the best possible score. Tuina A method of Chinese Bodywork characterized by the smooth gliding or rolling movements of the hands and arms. These techniques are used to treat a wide variety of musculoskeletal and internal organ disorders by opening stagnant meridian channels and encouraging the flow of Qi energy into deficient areas. Tylenol Rx Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol. Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever.

It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged use.

It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Tylenol 3 Rx Brand name; Tylenol 3.

What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

Generic name; Acetaminophen and Codeine. It relieves moderate to severe pain and is used in the treatment of Migraine headaches. It works by changing how your body feels in response to pain. Clients who take Tylenol 3 may experience headache, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, or vomiting. Ultram Rx Brand name; Ultram.

Classified as a Synthetic analgesic painkillers. It helps the brain to change how your body responds to pain. Clients who take Ultram may experience sedation, nausea, and constipation. It is best to use deep treatment work with caution. Abdominal massage may relieve constipation. Valium Rx Brand name; Valium. Classified as a Benzodiazepine anxiolytic, skeletal muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and sedative.

It promotes calmness and reduces muscle spasm, anxiety, and seizures in the treatment of Cerebral palsy, and Chronic fatigue syndrome. Clients who take Valium may experience bradycardia, physical or psychological dependence, drowsiness, nausea, or vomiting. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated, abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Veins Blood vessels that collect blood from the capillaries and transport it back to the heart.

Larger veins often contain a set of valves that ensure that blood flows in the correct direction to the heart and also prevent backflow; a vessel carrying blood away from the tissues toward the heart.

Venlafaxine hydrochloride Rx Brand name; Effexor. It effects the chemicals in the brain What does OPQRST mean in EMR? may become unbalanced and cause depression. Clients who take Effexor may experience increased blood pressure, agitation, constipation, nausea, and weakness. It is best to use caution with stimulating techniques, and abdominal massage may relieve constipation. Ventricle s The two large, lower chambers of the heart; they are thick-walled and separated What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

a thick interventricular septum; discharging chambers of the heart; cavities within the brain; One of two right and left lower chambers of the heart. The left ventricle receives blood from the left atrium upper chamber and delivers blood to the aorta. The right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium and pumps it into the pulmonary artery. Vibrations Swedish Massage Technique that uses oscillations; fine vibrations are very short, fast, almost invisible; coarse vibrations are large and more observable; static vibrations use continuous contact staying in the same spot; running vibrations use continuous contact with the clients tissue gliding over the skin.

Warfarin Sodium Rx Brand name; Coumadin. It is used for reducing the blood's ability to clot with post stroke and post cardiac events. It is used to prevent thrombosis and thromboembolism formation and migration. Clients who take Coumadin may experience cramps, anorexia, headache, or mouth sores.

It is best to consult the client's primary care provider before massage. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated and ask about cardiac implants. Zaleplon Rx Brand name; Sonata. Classified as a Sedative hypnotic. Is meant for a short-term treatment of insomnia. Clients who take Sonata may experience abdominal pain, dry mouth, and chest pain. It is best to use deep tissue treatment work with caution.

Zoloft Rx Brand name; Zoloft. It works to affect chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced. Clients who take Zoloft may experience insomnia, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and sexual dysfunction.

It is best to use abdominal massage to help relieve constipation, and keep client awake. Zolpidem tartrate Rx Brand name; Ambien. Classified as a Sedative hypnotic and is used for sedation for insomnia. It initiates sleep quickly within 15 minutes and has a short half-life of 2-3 hours. Is meant for a short-term treatment of insomnia. Clients who take Ambien may have abdominal pain, dry mouth, nausea, or vomiting. It is best to use deep tissue treatment work with caution, and ask about positioning during treatment.

Zovirax Rx Brand name; Zovirax. It kills specific viruses used in the treatment of Bell's palsy. It works by slowing the growth and spread What does OPQRST mean in EMR? herpes virus in the body, it is not a cure, it only lessens the symptoms of the infection. Clients who take Zovirax may experience hypotension, headache, or dry mouth. References used on our site: Rattray, Fiona and Linda Ludwig.

Boulder: Books of Discovery, 2005. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2006 Communication, Documentation, and Insurance Billing for Manual Therapists 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2002. A Functional Approach to Self-Care 2nd edition. Fritz, Sandy and James M.

Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2000. The Missing Charts Manual 2nd Edition. Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2011. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2011. It is comprised of the most utilized medications in conjunction with clients of Therapeutic Massage. Please be aware that side-effects and responses to Medications are not always a given. Make sure to properly interview clients for each massage to maintain the highest level of understanding on how best to help.

Do not assume they have all side-effects, or that they need your assistance with said side-effects. While it is imperative that we know of these possibilities, it is best to review before each massage and clearly understand the client's reasons for the visit. A Therapist's ability to listen and adjust the therapy plan when needed, insures safety and favorable outcomes for all parties involved.

If changes in medication or pathology occur during the course of a client's massage treatment, the Massage Therapist must have the client update the intake forms to reflect those changes. A signature and date of change must be included under the original signature, or a new intake form with updated information added to their file.

Use caution around injection site, never massage the day of, or day after injection. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation Compazine Prochlorperazine Antipsychotic, Antiemetic, and anxiolytic It relieves signs and symptoms of psychosis, reduces anxiety, and relieves nausea and vomiting. Is also used for treatment of Migraine headache, and headaches It works by changing the actions of chemicals in your brain Constipation and dry mouth It is best to offer water.

Offer a calming environment and positive reinforcement in actions and words Coumadin Warfarin sodium Anticoagulant It is used for reducing the blood's ability to clot with post stroke and post cardiac events. It is used to prevent thrombosis and thromboembolism formation and migration It decreases the body's ability to form blood What does OPQRST mean in EMR?

by blocking the formation of vitamin K—dependent clotting factors. Vitamin K is needed to make clotting factors and prevent bleeding Cramps, anorexia, headache, or mouth sores It is best to consult the client's primary care provider before massage. Offer water and be patient during the intake interview. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation.

Gentle abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation Neurontin Gabapentin Anticonvulsant It prevents and treats partial seizures, and relieves neuralgia.

Is also used for treatment of Chronic fatigue syndrome and neuropathy It works by affecting chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the causing of seizures Amnesia, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, and constipation It is best to place a reminder call the day before the appointment.

Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Carbidopa helps Levodopa to reach the brain Cardiac irregularities, involuntary grimacing, dry mouth, or constipation It is best to offer water.

Abdominal massage may relieve constipation. A Dermatone Zone is a cutaneous skin section supplied by a single spinal nerve. This is not a complete list of all muscles and nerves, however it is a comprehensive list of the most assessed muscles and nerves by Massage Therapists.

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